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國家科學技術獎來啦!等一下,這是什么獎
2020-01-11 18:51   来源:  www.seebetterlear.com   评论:0 点击:

國家科學技術獎來啦!等一下,這是什么獎???????一年一度的国家科学技术奖励大会,是中国科技界的年度盛事

???????一年一度的国家科学技术奖励大会,是中国科技界的年度盛事,它不仅体现了我国对科学技术的重视,也是对每一位科学家,每一位科研人员工作的肯定与鼓励。

? ?? ?? ?? The annual national science and technology award conference is the annual event of china's scientific and technological circles. It not only embodies the importance of science and technology in our country, but also affirms and encourages every scientist and every researcher to work.

???????答:不是。据《国家科学技术奖励细则》,国务院设立下列国家科学技术奖:国家最高科学技术奖;国家自然科学奖;国家技术发明奖;国家科学技术进步奖和中华人民共和国国际科学技术合作奖。

? ?? ?? ?? A: No. According to the State Science and Technology Awards Rules, the State Council has established the following State Science and Technology Awards: State Supreme Science and Technology Awards; National Natural Science Awards; National Technology Invention Awards; National Science and Technology Progress Awards; and People's Republic of China International Science and Technology Cooperation Awards.

????????该奖授予在当代科学技术前沿取得重大突破或者在科学技术发展中有卓越建树的科学技术工作者;在科学技术创新、科学技术成果转化和高技术产业化中,创造巨大经济效益或者社会效益的科学技术工作者。

? ?? ?? ?? The award shall be awarded to scientific and technical workers who have made major breakthroughs in the forefront of modern science and technology or who have made outstanding achievements in the development of science and technology, and those who have created great economic or social benefits in science and technology innovation, transformation of scientific and technological achievements and industrialization of high technology.

????????答:国家自然科学奖授予在基础研究和应用基础研究中,阐明自然现象、特征和规律、做出重大科学发现的公民。

? ?? ?? ?? A: The National Natural Science Award is awarded to citizens who have made major scientific discoveries in basic research and applied basic research to clarify natural phenomena, characteristics and laws.

????????答:重大科学发现应当同时具备以下三个条件,即:前人尚未发现或者尚未阐明:该项自然科学发现为国内外首次提出,或者其科学理论在国内外首次阐明,且主要论著为国内外首次发表。

? ?? ?? ?? A: A major scientific discovery should meet the following three requirements: The discovery of the natural science was first made at home and abroad, or its scientific theory was first expounded at home and abroad, and its main treatise was first published at home and abroad.

????????具有重大科学价值:该发现在科学理论、学说上有创见,或者在研究方法、手段上有创新;对于推动学科发展有重大意义,或者对于经济建设和社会发展具有重要影响。

? ?? ?? ?? ? of great scientific value: the discovery is innovative in scientific theory and theory, or innovative in research methods and means, and has great significance in promoting the development of disciplines, or has important implications for economic and social development.

????????得到国内外自然科学界公认:主要论著已在国内外公开发行的学术刊物上发表或者作为学术专著出版三年以上,其重要科学结论已为国内外同行在重要国际学术会议、公开发行的学术刊物,尤其是重要学术刊物以及学术专著所正面引用或者应用。

? ?? ?? ?? The major works have been published in academic journals published at home and abroad or have been published as academic monographs for more than three years, and their important scientific conclusions have been cited or applied in major international academic conferences and public journals, especially in major academic journals and monographs.

????????答:国家技术发明奖授予运用科学技术知识做出产品、工艺、材料及其系统等重大技术发明的我国公民。产品包括各种仪器、设备、器械、工具、零部件以及生物新品种等;工艺包括工业、农业、医疗卫生和国家安全等领域的各种技术方法;材料包括用各种技术方法获得的新物质等;系统是指产品、工艺和材料的技术综合。

? ?? ?? ?? A: The National Technology Invention Award is awarded to Chinese citizens who have used scientific and technological knowledge to make major technological inventions such as products, processes, materials and their systems. Products include a variety of instruments, equipment, instruments, tools, parts and components, as well as new biological varieties; processes include various technical methods in the fields of industry, agriculture, medical and health, and national security; materials include new substances obtained by various technical methods, etc. The system refers to the technical synthesis of products, processes and materials.

????????答:重大技术发明应当同时具备以下三个条件,即:前人尚未发明或者尚未公开:该项技术发明为国内外首创,或者虽然国内外已有但主要技术内容尚未在国内外各种公开出版物、媒体及其他公众信息渠道发表或者公开,也未曾公开使用过。

? ?? ?? ?? A: A major technological invention should also meet the following three requirements: The invention has not been invented or made public before: The invention is the first invention at home and abroad, or the major technical contents at home and abroad have not been published or made public in various public publications, media and other public information channels at home and abroad.

????????具有先进性和创造性:创造性是指该项技术发明与国内外已有同类技术相比较,其技术思路、技术原理或者技术方法有创新,技术上有实质性的特点和显著的进步;先进性是指主要性能(性状)、技术经济指标、科学技术水平及其促进科学技术进步的作用和意义等方面综合优于同类技术。

? ?? ?? ?? The invention refers to the fact that the technology invention has been compared with the same technology at home and abroad, and its technical ideas, principles or methods have been innovated, and the technology has substantial characteristics and remarkable progress.

????????经实施,创造显著经济效益或者社会效益:该项技术发明成熟,并实施应用三年以上,取得良好的应用效果。

? ?? ?? ?? The invention is mature and has been applied for more than three years, and good application results have been obtained.

????????答:国家科学技术进步奖授予在技术研究、技术开发、技术创新、推广应用先进科学技术成果、促进高新技术产业化,以及完成重大科学技术工程、计划项目等方面做出突出贡献的我国公民和组织。

? ?? ?? ?? A: The State Science and Technology Progress Award is awarded to Chinese citizens and organizations who have made outstanding contributions in technological research, technological development, technological innovation, popularization and application of advanced scientific and technological achievements, promotion of the industrialization of new and high technologies, and the completion of major scientific and technological projects and projects.

????????答:技术开发项目:是指在科学研究和技术开发活动中,完成具有重大市场实用价值的产品、技术、工艺、材料、设计和生物品种及其推广应用。其中,工人农民技术创新组,奖励工人、农民身份的一线科技人员完成的科技成果。

? ?? ?? ?? A: Technology development projects refer to the completion of products, technologies, processes, materials, designs and biological varieties and their popularization and application with significant market practical value in scientific research and technology development activities. Among them, workers and farmers technical innovation group, reward workers, farmers as the first line of scientific and technological personnel to complete the scientific and technological achievements.

????????社会公益项目:是指在标准、计量、科技信息、科技档案、科学技术普及等科学技术基础性工作和环境保护、医疗卫生、自然资源调查和合理利用、自然灾害监测预报和防治等社会公益性科学技术事业中取得的重大成果及其应用推广。

? ?? ?? ?? Social public welfare projects refer to the major achievements made in the basic scientific and technological work such as standards, measurement, scientific and technological information, scientific and technological archives, popularization of science and technology, environmental protection, medical and health care, investigation and rational utilization of natural resources, monitoring and forecasting of natural disasters and prevention and control of natural disasters, and their application and popularization.

????????国家安全项目:是指在军队建设、国防科研、国家安全及相关活动中产生,并在一定时期内仅用于国防、国家安全目的,对推进国防现代化建设、增强国防实力和保障国家安全具有重要意义的科学技术成果。

? ?? ?? ?? National security projects refer to scientific and technological achievements that have emerged in military construction, scientific research on national defense, national security and related activities, and are only used for the purpose of national defense and national security within a certain period of time, which are of great significance to the modernization of national defense, the enhancement of national defense strength and the safeguarding of national security.

????????重大工程项目:是指重大综合性基本建设工程、科学技术工程、国防工程和企业技术创新工程等。其中,企业技术创新工程组,围绕企业技术创新工程的系统性、创新性、有效性和带动性进行评价,奖励等级标准参照重大工程项目类。

? ?? ?? ?? Major projects refer to major comprehensive capital construction projects, science and technology projects, national defense projects and enterprise technological innovation projects. Among them, the enterprise technology innovation engineering group, around the enterprise technology innovation project system, innovation, effectiveness and driving force evaluation, the award grade standard refers to the major project category.

????????答:国家科学技术进步奖候选人应当具备下列条件之一:在设计项目的总体技术方案中做出重要贡献;在关键技术和疑难问题的解决中做出重大技术创新;在成果转化和推广应用过程中做出创造性贡献;在高技术产业化方面做出重要贡献。

? ?? ?? ?? A: Candidates for the National Science and Technology Progress Award should have one of the following qualifications: to make important contributions in the overall technical programme of the design project; to make major technological innovations in the solution of key technologies and difficult problems; to make creative contributions in the process of transformation and popularization of results; and to make important contributions in the industrialization of high technology.

????????答:国家科学技术进步奖候选单位应当是在项目研制、开发、投产、应用和推广过程中提供技术、设备和人员等条件,对项目的完成起到组织、管理和协调作用的主要候选单位。政府部门一般不应当作为国家科技进步奖的候选单位。

? ?? ?? ?? A: The candidates for the National Science and Technology Progress Award shall be the main candidates for the organization, management and coordination of the completion of the project by providing technical, equipment and personnel in the process of project development, development, commissioning, application and popularization. Government departments should not generally be a candidate for the National Science and Technology Progress Award.

????????答:国家科技进步奖项目应当总体符合下列三个条件,即:技术创新性突出:在技术上有重要的创新,特别是在高新技术领域进行自主创新,形成了产业的主导技术和名牌产品,或者应用高新技术对传统产业进行装备和改造,通过技术创新,提升传统产业,增加行业的技术含量,提高产品附加值;技术难度较大,解决了行业发展中的热点、难点和关键问题;总体技术水平和技术经济指标达到了行业的领先水平。

? ?? ?? ?? A: The State Science and Technology Progress Award should meet the following three requirements as a whole, namely, outstanding technological innovation: There are important innovations in technology, especially independent innovations in the field of high and new technology, which have formed the leading technology and famous brand products of the industry, or the application of high and new technology to the equipment and transformation of traditional industries, through technological innovation, the upgrading of traditional industries, increasing the technical content of the industry and increasing the added value of products; the technical difficulty has solved the hot spots, difficulties and key problems in the development of the industry; the overall technical level and technical economic indicators have reached the leading level of the industry.

????????经济效益或者社会效益显著:所开发的项目经过三年以上较大规模的实施应用,产生了很大的经济效益或者社会效益,实现了技术创新的市场价值或者社会价值,为经济建设、社会发展和国家安全做出了很大贡献。

? ?? ?? ?? After more than three years of large-scale application, the developed projects have produced great economic or social benefits, realized the market or social value of technological innovation, and made great contributions to economic construction, social development and national security.

????????推动行业科技进步作用明显:项目的转化程度高,具有较强的示范、带动和扩散能力,促进了产业结构的调整、优化、升级及产品的更新换代,对行业的发展具有很大作用。

? ?? ?? ?? The promotion of scientific and technological progress in the industry is evident: the project has a high degree of transformation, and has a strong ability to demonstrate, drive and diffuse, which has promoted the adjustment of industrial structure, optimization, upgrading and upgrading of products, and has a great impact on the development of the industry.


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