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单单一颗铆钉就值20万航母不愧为烧钱机器
2020-01-08 00:11   来源:  www.seebetterlear.com   评论:0 点击:

单单一颗铆钉就值20万航母不愧为烧钱机器航母并不是一件简简单单就能造出的武器,由于它的制作难度,很多时

航母并不是一件简简单单就能造出的武器,由于它的制作难度,很多时候它是一个国家军事实力的有力体现,大多国家都期望能够拥有自己的航母。而除了建造的难度之外,它对于一个国家科技,工业还有经济方面都有比较高的要求。这也就是为什么现在能够建造出航母的国家不多,仅仅只有10个,而这10个里面能够完全靠自己力量建造航母的国家就更少了。美军目前拥有的航母最多。航母的制作实在是太难了,没有一点经济实力实在是很难做到。

The aircraft carrier is not a simple weapon that can be built, because it is difficult to make, it is often a strong embodiment of a country's military strength, most countries expect to have their own aircraft carrier. In addition to the difficulty of construction, it has a relatively high demand for a country's technology, industry and economic aspects. That's why there aren't many countries that can build aircraft carriers now, just 10, and even fewer of them can build aircraft carriers entirely on their own. The U.S. military currently has the most aircraft carriers. Aircraft carrier production is too difficult, not a bit of economic strength is really difficult to do.

航母是出了名的需要投入大价钱的武器,比如美军建造的福特号航母的价格达到129亿美元之多,而还仅仅是其本身的价格,如果算上后期的维护保养,估计它要花费的成本在500亿以上。航母上的每个零件都要花费不小的金额,就连一个普通的钉子,它的价格都让一般人难以承受了。“局座”曾经说过,航母的一颗铆钉可以换一辆奥迪汽车,这就是说它的价格达到了二十多万了。听到这个数字很多人都不能相信,只是一个钉子而已,就这么贵的么?

Aircraft carriers are notoriously expensive weapons, such as the u.s. military-built ford, which costs as much as $12.9 billion, but only for its own price, and cost more than 50 billion if later maintenance is included. Every part of an aircraft carrier costs a lot of money, even a normal nail, and its price is unaffordable for the average person. The board once said that an aircraft carrier's rivet could be replaced by an Audi, which means it costs more than two hundred thousand dollars. A lot of people can't believe that number. It's just a nail. Is it that expensive?

这个说法是针对明斯克号航母而言的,它上面使用的铆钉全部都是钛合金材质。其实有报道称,说一颗铆钉达到一辆车的价格是有点夸张了,不过虽然没有几十万那么多,但是也一定不便宜。据了解,铆钉根据使用情况的不同被分成了很多的类型,主要包括风扇型,R型,树形,半空心,空心和实心等多种样式,而这些不同样式的铆钉分别用在汽车,家居和建筑等领域。作为一种衔接类工具,一个物体的建成需要无数颗铆钉合在一起才可以。据悉,一架普通的飞机所需要的铆钉数量就达到了几百万颗,就更别说航母这种级别的武器了。而除了数量之外,有关铆钉的质量要求也是很高的,铆钉的生产工艺,装配技术等都起到很重要的作用,航母上的铆钉要求更是如此。

This is for the Minsk aircraft carrier, which uses all the rivets made of titanium. There are reports that the price of a rivet to a car is a bit exaggerated, but although not as many as hundreds of thousands, but must not be cheap. It is understood that rivets are divided into many types according to their use, mainly including fan type, R type, tree shape, midair core, hollow and solid, and these different types of rivets are used in the fields of automobile, home and building respectively. As a cohesive tool, it takes countless rivets to build an object. It is reported that the number of rivets required for an ordinary aircraft amounts to millions, let alone aircraft carriers. And in addition to the quantity, the quality requirements of rivets are also very high, rivet production process, assembly technology and so on play a very important role, the aircraft carrier rivet requirements are more so.

铆钉的制作材料主要包括铝,钛,合金还有高强度的结构钢等,而在所有的铆钉材料中最贵的就是钛合金的铆钉。钛合金的铆钉主要是以钛为基础,然后在其中加入了其他不同元素的合金。其中钛属于一种稀有的金属,因为这种金属分布较散,而且对提取的工艺要求很高。它不仅重量很轻,而且强度高,抗腐蚀的能力也很好,是一种具有稳定化学性质的金属。故而这种金属常用来制作一些导弹,火箭的结构固件。

The materials of rivets mainly include aluminum, titanium, alloy and high strength structural steel, and the most expensive of all rivet materials is the rivets of titanium alloy. The rivets of titanium alloy are mainly based on titanium, and then the alloy of other different elements is added to it. Titanium belongs to a rare metal because of its scattered distribution and high requirements for the extraction process. It is not only very light weight, but also high strength, the ability to resist corrosion is also very good, is a metal with stable chemical properties. The metal is therefore often used to make structural firmware for missiles and rockets.

除了材料本身而言,钛合金的合成工艺也相当复杂,加工的难度很高。钛合金因为是合成型的金属,所以杂质比较多,不那么耐磨,所以制作失败的可能性非常大,因此每一颗钛合金铆钉的诞生都是用大量的废品消耗成本换来的。而航母对于这种类型的铆钉制作要求要更加高,自然研制的金额就非常多了。

In addition to the material itself, the synthesis process of titanium alloy is also quite complex, and the processing is very difficult. Titanium alloy is a synthetic type of metal, so there are more impurities, less wear-resistant, so the possibility of making failure is very large, so the birth of each titanium rivet is a lot of waste consumption costs in exchange. And the aircraft carrier for this type of rivet production requirements are higher, the amount of natural development is very much.

但其实并不是所有的航母甲板都会使用这种类型的铆钉,大多的航母还是使用普通的分段式的焊接方法制作的,而达到基辅级别的航母则是利用铆钉把一整款特殊钢材铆接起来使用。这样的制作工程可想而知,十分艰辛的。虽然它的价格和奥迪汽车还是有点差距,但是它的价值要远远超过后者,毕竟就算你有这些钱,也很有可能没有技术能力去加工出来。而这或许也正是很多国家无法建造航母的原因之一。

But not all carrier decks use rivets of this type, most of which are made using normal piecewise welding, while aircraft carriers up to the Kiev class use rivets to rivet a whole special steel. Such a production project can be imagined, very difficult. It's still a bit of a price gap with audi cars, but it's worth far more than the latter, and even if you have the money, you're likely to have no technical skills to process it. This may be one reason why many countries are unable to build aircraft carriers.


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